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  1. 4 points
    pupper_donut

    Twin Lakes - A Dynamic C:S CJ

    I've decided to start a player diary for my most recent endeavor, a region I'm calling Twin Lakes that is based on a heightmap of the Tampere, Finland area. This isn't a recreation of the Tampere area, but is instead a typical American city. I'm pretending districts are cities in their own right, but much like North American suburban sprawl you can hardly tell what suburb you're in because they're pretty much the same. 1.1 As of this original post, the region has a population of 111,117 spread across 9 individual municipalities (districts). The major city and most populous of these is Tampere (what else?) with a population of 67,543. Major suburbs include Aspen Park (15,935), Eagle Mountain (11,896), and Hemlock (8,188). Other suburbs include Peden (2,454), Bedford (2,315), and Preston Hollow (761) . Also located in the region are the small towns of Peaster (1,097) and Bayberry (855), which will be shown later. The metro area is served by two major highways - National Highways 45 and 320. 45 slices straight through Tampere with little access to local roads and businesses, and sees only light congestion at worst. 320, however, is one of the most congested roadways in the region. On the map below, NH 45 is shown in blue, NH 320 is shown in red. 1.2 An unexpected snowstorm moved in across the region overnight - leaving the entire city blanketed in snow and bringing temperatures into the single digits. Not exactly ideal for touring some of the prominent areas of Tampere, but alas... The city center has given way to high-rise condos and office buildings in recent years. The courthouse, cathedral, and some old Main Street businesses can be found here, along with the oldest residential development in the entire region. The city center also features the local college and a small shopping center. Located near the NH 45 and NH 320 junction is a large office park containing most of the city's high-rise office developments, as well as the region's largest shopping center. While traffic is always a headache on the 320 at 8 am, you'd think it would be worse given the snow and ice accumulation. Good thing the area schools and some of the area businesses are closed for the day. The coast is clear at this intersection along the 320 in Hemlock as what little slow plows the city had on call dig their way through the north side of the city. Gridlock, however, continues to plague the four-lane arterial as it runs adjacent to a severely over-crowded rail stop. Speaking of which, the trains still continue to to come and go through the railyard located in the oil districts between Hemlock and Tampere. To the north of the railyard and NH 45 is the region's largest Walmart and a random large condo development. Such developments are becoming increasingly common across the region. That concludes our tour, for now. Hopefully the weather will improve soon so we can take a look at Eagle Mountain, Peden, and the rural communities of Peaster and Bayberry. For now, we'll conclude with this stunning aerial photo.
  2. 4 points
    Aldini10

    Aldini's C:S Works

    So I've done some more zoning and have extended the highway quite a bit. This new development prompted finishing up some service interchanges. Expressway usage is now much higher than before, with most vehicles (about 85%) being cars. This image shows the new highway extension, finally connecting the local freeway to the regional roadway. Obviously, it's under construction. The parkway leading south is intended to incite more development on the other side of the river. More work will continue later on...
  3. 4 points
    Ceafus 88

    Ceafus tries to build a town.

    Well, here goes nothing! I am working on a small town in a new region, I hope I do not let you guys down! We will start out with a small wind farm that the city council approved last month! As well as a small shore side pic! I hope to be able to update this soon with some pictures of the town, but as of right now it is just too small to show off!
  4. 4 points
    Bryan1998

    Show Us Your Interchanges!

    I tried to replicate a local interchange to say i did it. Created in a sandbox tile for proof of concept.
  5. 3 points
    I rearranged some sections and added a background image, let me know (honestly) what you think
  6. 3 points
    Aldini10

    Aldini's C:S Works

    Thank you for your excellent comment, @bben. I'm really glad with this city, it's more aesthetically pleasing than my last one. Anyway, since you are deeply intertwined within the transit part of things, here's an update for you! First, the city has grown to a modest size of 12,453 as of this post. A few towers have spring up in the downtown area, creating a high density location. I actually have not given this city an official name yet. I'll begin with this outer suburb village that has expanded and contains 2,779 citizens. They had the luck of only having one road linking them to the outside world until the city built a new city wide train line. This picture shows the bus line which serves the suburban village arriving at the train station. This bus stop (the one with 114 people waiting on the list) usually has about 90 passengers waiting for the next bus. In an effort to bring the buses to pick up as many people as possible, I've dispatched 8 buses to this line. This will require many more buses, or an upgrade to a few double decker buses which I am sorting through at the moment. Aside from this bus line, the train station services the Red and Blue lines. The Red line takes passengers to the city core and newly established college, while the Blue line takes passengers straight to the airport. On average, this station services 231 passengers a week. Here is the central train station, where the Red and Green lines meet. On average about 360 passengers are serviced here, where the Red line moves over to the college and Green line links the city core to the airport. In the future, when this city expands father out hopefully this station will become more of a Grand Central Station type hub, and it's already becoming such with only 12k citizens. A few bus lines meet here to take passengers to their final destinations. Here you can see the bus lines and the ridership of this station, with there currently being 313 passengers waiting for the Red line train. Off in the distance are the airport train hub and a deactivated train station built for future expansion. Here's an aerial view of the newly established city college campus and the end of the Red line across the boulevard. This hub currently only services the Red line. However, since people love their education, ridership of this station is somewhat high, taking about 314 passengers a week. The convenient location of this allows students from across the city to arrive in time for class in less than 15 minutes, with the train lines spanning over 10km at the longest point. And here's the end of the Green and Blue lines, at the airport station. There was once just a bus line taking riders from this location to a central bus stop in the city, which proved to not be feasible thanks to the airport being over 8km away from the city. Long wait times prompted people waiting to become impatient and summon cabs and hitchhike, however they could get to the city fast enough. The maximum wait time at this station is about 15 minutes, however that time can be enough to have over 300 passengers fly in and end up waiting for a train of a capacity of only 240. Typical ridership is about 360 passengers a week. I forgot to mention that this airport is the only outside connection into the city, so everything in this city is purely local. This is why there is a typical surge of people waiting at the train station trying to make their way into town. Here's a view of the underground train lines along with a view of most of the bus lines in the city. According to the transport window in the top right, approximately 6% of citizens are utilizing the mass transit offered in this city, which is more than I expected so I'll continue with this trend of providing more transportation options for the city. Traffic in the city, as a result, has been lowered much more than anticipated. Usage for the road linking the suburban villa to the main city has dropped almost 30% from 220 to 160 drivers a day. Traffic was not an intense issue to begin with, which is why I'm not including a traffic map as everything is now green. Thanks for looking!
  7. 3 points
    Aldini10

    Aldini's C:S Works

    I've started working on a new city a while ago. Main soon to be downtown area. The main downtown school buildings with associated green space/parks. Cookie cutter subdivision in the middle of nowhere. More to come...
  8. 3 points
    pupper_donut

    Real-Life Traffic Engineering

    A thread to discuss the many aspects of traffic engineering in the real world, and how it varies across cities and countries. I'll get started with one of my favorite aspects, traffic signals and in particular, left turns at signaled intersections: Many metropolitan areas across the US, such as Las Vegas, Dallas, and Portland, are installing new signal heads which replace the solid green light with a blinking yellow arrow for permissive left turns. Most of the new signal heads are similar to the one on the left in the above video, but a regular doghouse signal head can also be seen which displays a blinking yellow arrow in addition to the solid green. In addition, a steady yellow arrow is shown in addition to the solid yellow, which normally indicates a protected left about to turn red, instead of a permissive left as shown in the video. Also interesting is some "protected-only" three-state signals in Fort Worth, such as the ones at Basswood and Riverside are being re-programmed to allow for permissive left turns, without replacing the signal head. The yellow arrow blinks when in permissive mode, and then changes to steady before the signal turns red, regardless of whether the signal is in protected or permissive mode. What are your thoughts on these new traffic lights, and what are some interesting traffic light and traffic flow configurations where you live?
  9. 3 points
    pupper_donut

    god_donut's CS

    Some heavy traffic. The large junction and the smaller one at the far right of the picture both have manually timed traffic lights, but this doesn't do much to alleviate extensive traffic jams through here. I've considered upgrades to this road but the area is too densely built up to make any upgrades feasible.
  10. 3 points
    Ceafus 88

    Ceafus 88 | BAT Thread

    Thank you guys! It's very much appreciated! ------- There will be two versions of the building: The real thing: And the fictional "bronze" version:
  11. 3 points
    Ceafus 88

    Post your Desktop!

    Mine comes in a different form. None the less, interesting desktop!
  12. 3 points
    OmniBLACK

    Omni"s Modeling Showcase

    New content I am making this house plus some tweaks of my own an extra window or two
  13. 3 points
    pupper_donut

    god_donut's CS

    I decided to spam one of my new cities with EF5 equivialant tornadoes and thunderstorms, here are some pictures:
  14. 3 points
    pierreh

    The United Cities of Talaran

    The Rail Triangle Upgrade project in Deramey was finally brought to a satisfactory completion. It was not easy. Some citizens, supported by the Chamber of Commerce which complained about disrupting the commercial area next to the rail tracks triangle, proposed an underground solution, that got rejected mainly on account of the immense cost. Eventually a solution was proposed which was accepted by all parties concerned. Once the project was accepted, work proceeded swiftly and with a minimal amount of disruption. Only two commercial buildings needed to be demolished, and their owners were suitably compensated. Rail services had to be temporarily suspended and replaced by buses. The completed upgrade, with 3 commercial lots to be rebuilt, is shown in the following picture: The mayor inaugurated the new layout by riding on the first train using the upgraded rail triangle. Rail service resumed on the same day, with a new schedule featuring more trains.
  15. 3 points
    pupper_donut

    Christmas 2016

    I wanted to wish everyone a Merry Christmas! I hope you guys get to spend it with your family and friends (irl :P) Thanks for all you do! -Your amazing community admin
  16. 3 points
    7499275

    In the Line of Duty: REDUX

    In the Line of Duty What is ITLOD? It is a personal project started by yours truly that is being made using Arma 2, A military simulation game. There is a story line behind this "movie" which will be disclosed once more of the production has been done. For now I leave you all with a teaser image. (making a post actually gives me motivation to continue working on this so... ) UPDATE: General plot line: 1999, Russian and American tensions are at an all time high. Russian forces lining up along foreign borders trying to assert dominance and all for easy expansion of the country. However the U.S Government does not take this lightly. They deploy a fast moving response team to Utes, a small island belonging to the United States since the height of the cold war. The military base on the island is quickly refurbished and restocked to allow for military strikes to be conducted out of the area. On March 24th the response team arrive at the derelict base and made sure the Russians had not already got a foot hold on the island. Two days later, March 26th a larger force has arrived and gotten into position at the base with more reinforcements inbound to the island. The base has one major drawback though, only a handful of small hangers, a carrier will need to be stationed in the sea nearby to help conduct air strikes in the area if the Russians do not back their forces down. So now after a few days I finally got part of this video project. Just the basic intro. Kind of an introduction to the plot line.
  17. 3 points
    OmniBLACK

    Omni's Cities XXL/XL Showcase

    A southwest desert town And a Marina style city
  18. 3 points
    7499275

    Kerbal Space Program Learning corner

    First video we discuss the difference between the apoapsis and periapsis in your orbit. Two very important words which actually have a lot more meaning than what some new players might realize. Changing the altitude of your orbit needs to be done at certain points using these points. To lower your orbit it is better to burn at the highest point. - your apoapsis. To lower your orbit it is better to burn at the lowest point. - periapsis. All this plus a little more in the following video. Next up, landing on a planet with no atmosphere. The best way to land is to kill all the horizontal velocity first, wait until your craft is falling straight down towards the planets surface and than begin a slow burn to have a soft touchdown. Again all this plus more in the following.
  19. 3 points
    pupper_donut

    Pupper Realms: Map Renders

    Pupperton continues to grow
  20. 2 points
    Aldini10

    Aldini's C:S Works

    Thank you! I will indeed continue to work on this one. This one's mostly pictures. The population has increased to 24,680, nearly double the amount since the last update. This has prompted the construction of a health district. Downtown is coming up nicely now, with there being a pocket of land having incredibly high value now has developers building high density and immense towers that juxtaposes the landscape tremendously in certain areas. More pictures included in this album: http://imgur.com/a/qYtg4 Thanks for looking!
  21. 2 points
    HitM@N

    Stuff

    Nice work you got going here I am on my cell phone so hard to be online I been in palm springs not sure when ill be back.
  22. 2 points
    g

    Stuff

    Got CS working again and started a new city.
  23. 2 points
    Aldini10

    Twin Lakes - A Dynamic C:S CJ

    I am really loving your new suburb developments, especially the one in Peaster. That's one very smooth looking interchange, even if left undone. I like it!
  24. 2 points
    pupper_donut

    Twin Lakes - A Dynamic C:S CJ

    Thanks TC and brian! Today, a short-ish update. Rapid expansion has necessitated the reconstruction of Peaster Highway in Eagle Mountain. Previously a two lane road with turn lane segments, the roadway is now a 2+2 configured arterial roadway with turning lanes at each intersection. This has thus far significantly reduced commute times and has provided more reliable access for inter-city traffic. The upgrades also included a new SPUI at the junction of Peaster Highway and Highway 320. Meanwhile, overcrowding at the Hemlock Station continues to worsen by the day. Calls for additional passenger rail services as well as a city bus line have been steadily growing louder. This station is served by the Tampere BlueLine, a rail line with four stops connecting the oil district to the west side of Tampere, including the Aspen Park area. While usage has been fairly consistent, the need for additional lines, especially heading south toward Eagle Mountain and Peden, have been growing. A few routes have been proposed, but none have been approved as of yet. A proposed intermodal transit center, indicated by the light blue circle, would connect the BlueLine and proposed red line to Eagle Mountain. In addition, a green line would begin near Aspen Park and connect the west side of Tampere to Peden. In addition, city bus lines with a central hub located at the intermodal center have been proposed. Finally, here's a traffic map. Problem areas shown in red include the Energy Corridor as well as areas surrounding the Hemlock Station, in addition to the northern portions of Eagle Mountain and, as expected, central Tampere. If approved, will the proposed city bus network and rail lines relieve pressure in these areas? We will soon find out.
  25. 2 points
    pupper_donut

    Twin Lakes - A Dynamic C:S CJ

    @bben Thanks for the comments! Lack of jobs, low land value, and steadily increasing vehicle traffic have led to the decrease in population here. However, it shouldn't take much for the population to increase once businesses, schools, and more reliable infrastructure are added. @Aldini10 Thanks man! I'm thinking induced demand is at least a contributing factor to many of the main roadways throughout the map, although I'm not exactly sure how that works (if at all) in C:S. 3.1 As traffic continues to increase in the industrial areas on the east side of Tampere, the need for new roadways and improvement of existing roadways continues to grow stronger. One of several projects planned for this area recently opened, Regional Highway 6320, aka the Grand Parkway (yes, this is named after the outer loop in Houston). Through the oil districts, Grand Parkway was built as a 4-lane elevated freeway, initially built with 3 service interchanges. The highway will be expanded northward to Bedford when existing infrastructure can no longer effectively handle the traffic. For now, the highway abruptly terminates in the far west portion of Hemlock. Usage of the new highway has been fairly minimal starting out. The addition of extra service interchanges and extension to Bedford could increase usage. Grand Parkway doesn't start at the 45, however. The highway starts on the rural stretch of the 1320 where further transportation improvements are expected. However, at the 45 the highway discontinues on both the north and south sides. In addition, a much needed connector, westbound 45 to southbound 6320, does not exist as of yet. The southern portion of the 6320, which runs through mostly rural areas, was initially built to relieve pressure on the 1320 by providing an alternate route to and from the industrial center, and eventually, easier stoplight-free access to and from downtown. Here 6320 is seen looking northbound. Shortly after opening this stretch of the 6320, the regional transportation board identified the need for a connection between RH's 261 and 6320. Direct connector ramps would be highly impractical in this area due to terrain and generally light usage of the 6320. Therefore, a creative solution would be required. The solution was to re-purpose the old Peaster Highway, which starts on the 261, runs through Peden and west to Peaster. This improvement is perhaps the most significant, as it almost instantly resulted in significantly reduced traffic volume on the 261, with the 6320 now handling most of the traffic headed to central Tampere. In addition to the new connector, a short stretch of the 1320 was re-built as a divided highway to allow for easier future expansion of the roadway in this area as Eagle Mountain continues to grow. Overall, the numerous transportation projects in this area have proven to be a huge success, with vastly improved traffic flow through the region's busiest intersection. Here, the 1320 is seen looking northbound from the same perspective as in the previous update, but with reduced traffic. However, as northbound traffic on the 6320 increases, congestion at the 45 where the highway terminates continues to mount. What will be done to resolve the discontinuity of the Grand Parkway and provide a stable and efficient connector from the southeast portion of the region to central Tampere? We will soon find out.
  26. 2 points
    SpookyZalost

    Twin Lakes - A Dynamic C:S CJ

    looks nice, well detailed, everything I've come to expect from a simmania city journal
  27. 2 points
    pierreh

    The United Cities of Talaran

    In a previous region I had 3 cities that reached over 1 million Sims: - Hermone, 1'010'236 Sims - Orelle, 1'072'900 Sims - Velarville, 1'631'137 Sims That last city is the largest city I have managed to grow sofar. I didn't have the CAM mod installed at the time. I stopped playing those cities because they suffered from the 'eternal commuter syndrom'. Separately I play at my mother's place, we currently have 2 cities, linked with each other, that have respectively 1'396'913 Sims and 1'358'262 Sims. The first of those is 'buitt', there is no space left for growth, and the second one is getting there fast. The first of the cities was built without CAM; CAM was installed during the growth of the second city.
  28. 2 points
    pierreh

    The United Cities of Talaran

    My modding activity for RTMT is currently slower and this allows me to play the cities in my cluster, and to update this CJ. A milestone has been reached: Marlande is the first city to reach a population of 800'000 Sims: As can be seen on this global picture, there is still room for expansion, so that the city could potentially grow further. However, the limitations of mutli-city playing are becoming more and more apparent in this cluster. Most of them have probably been documented at length in various forums, although my searches on the topic have not been very successfuk sofar. I'll illustrate some of my own findings in my next posts.
  29. 2 points
    pupper_donut

    god_donut's CS

    Thanks, bbys. I have done some highway upgrades on that dual left segment, as well as preparations for new development across the river.
  30. 2 points
    pupper_donut

    god_donut's CS

    NExt has released some new network types making dual left turn lanes possible. I've been wanting this for a while now so I'm quite excited about it. The main highway in the next shot, as you can probably tell, is quite crowded but traffic flows fairly smoothly other than the signaled intersections creating long backups. I've also set the speed limit to 80km (about 50 mph) on this stretch as well.
  31. 2 points
    OmniBLACK

    Omni"s Modeling Showcase

    Some progress rendered with a Vray plugin i downloaded though the plugin is only a trial version and will expire on my birthday I might eventually just purchase it if it isn't hundreds of dollars unless i can get some donations to help with the cost of a license Hope you guys like *thumbs up*
  32. 2 points
    Aldini10

    Aldini's C:S Works

    Small one today, I'm glad to update you with this traffic report on the local expressway. As you can see, it brings most residents to their jobs and back home. This is the highest amount of vehicles on the freeway so far, and checking it now the morning commute doesn't dip below 60 vehicles/hr from 5-11 am. It's usually a very steady stream of 80 vehicles per hour at those times. An increase in residential zoning within the next few years will really help to bring more attention to this roadway. This is only eastbound, but I imagine the numbers must be similar westbound for the evening rush hour.
  33. 2 points
    Aldini10

    Aldini's C:S Works

    It's been some time now, so once again an update is needed. The city has developed quite a bit. I constructed a new freeway following the river for local traffic traveling to the industrial and office sections. Residential area interchange. I'm really happy that citizens are using this expressway. Not a lot can use it since it's on the edge of the city but I anticipate more traffic once the city sprawls farther out. Office area feeder ramps Industrial district. Latest aerial view. I'm planning on rezoning the lots on the right adjacent to the river since homes won't build there for some reason. It looks like a good area for another industrial district. What do you think? Thanks for looking!
  34. 2 points
    pierreh

    The United Cities of Talaran

    Since Brian is showing us his plan for the development of the city he is currently starting to build, I'd like to show the current state of one of the cities in my cluster, where I am not pleased with my initial design decisions. The city is Desognes, it is situated in the upper left corner of the cluster. Here is how Desognes is currently zoned; R1 was the first residential zone to be developed; fairly soon during the growth of the city I started the zoning of R2, the second residential zone, on the other side of the river, Similarily, I1 was the first industrial zone to be grown. As I didn't want it to become too large, and because I was still asked by the game to zone for more industry, I started the zoning of I2; I2 has remained rather modest in size, and at present I do not zone for more industry. C1 was the first commercial zone; i decided to place to the right (i.e. on the eastern side) of the citly tile. This was done because Desognes has links (highway and rail) with Marlande which is contiguous to Desognes on the eastern side. C2 is a very recent development, still modest in size, that will not be able to grow much, because of the terrain available. In retrospect,, C1 is too off-centered, relatively to the R areas, especially relatively to R2; Sims travelling from R2 to C1 must pass thru R1, and this generates an excess of thru traffic in R1. It is in order to alleviate this to some extent, that I decided, belatedly, to start the second commercial zone C2, closer to R2. All morning commute traffic to C1 comes from the west and the north, this tends to saturate the roadways and the public transportation (GLR/subway, local rail and buses). With these design flaws, the city has currently a population of 742'351 Sims. However, its growth has slowed down, and the traffic issues are getting worse. I'll continue to work on it of course, trying to compensate for the noted defects. This is in fact an interesting challenge, that is encountered in RL in many old cities (my home city of Geneva is a good example of that....). Some other cities in my cluster exhibit various other 'defects' and/or limitations due to the terrain, waterways, etc. I may document some of those later.
  35. 2 points
    7499275

    The Great (not so great) City of Charleston

    Decided to fire up Cities Skylines and this is the mess I'm INSTANTLY thrown into. Now due to a lot of traffic hitting my current business area's I am going to try and create a central business district. This district will also hopefully hold monuments and other tourists attractions so that most of the traffic in and out will be public transport. If not I'm hoping the road ways that are gonna be designed (still a work in progress) will be able to handle the load.
  36. 2 points
    Ceafus 88

    Ceafus tries to build a town.

    Thank you @Aldini10 @7499275 and @bben I really appreciate it! ---------------- Among all of the farm growth... A small town begins to take shape..
  37. 2 points
    pupper_donut

    god_donut's CS

    I've recently started working on a pre-made highway layout for a new city, here's a space-eating interchange and sunken stretch with el-rail over road through what will be the CBD:
  38. 2 points
    7499275

    What are you listening to? v2

    My roomate - Whine and complain.
  39. 2 points
    bben

    transit mania- ville

    Thanks much your replies and advice ! I think I ended up using a combination of both Rocky and Josh ideas for # 2.. To handle the situation with # 1 I simply ran a new MIS route all the way into the CBD.. So let me show you all some pics of the new changes - 1) I opted for a branch off MIS route from the northern most ramp 2) as Rocky suggested I maintained 4 lanes for the RHW, headed north where it eventually crosses a rhw-2 as a OWR-4. Nam 35 was helpful here in providing a RHW 8s - OWR-4 transition . Also I was unsure if the rhw -2 X oOWR-4 was supported by NAM. But i tested it and apparently it is ! 3) Here is the extra MIS network which runs all the way into the main CBD. So the effects in reducing traffic congestion I felt were fairly dramatic- .. and finally a further zoomed out shot shows now 7 MIS networks feeding into the CBD. But traffic congestion is now more manageable there..
  40. 2 points
    pupper_donut

    Flight Simulator X - Tutorial Series

    @bben thank you! @Ceafus 88 much more on this coming soon(ish). The GPS is fairly complex, but nothing like the flight management computer in real life planes Part 3: High Altitude Flight & Fuel Mixture Instead of cruising over an hour between DCA and TEB, we'll fly a short route - this time from KAVL to KTRI. Set up a VFR flight plan (refer to the previous post for instructions) and move the aircraft to the departure airport. We will need a cruising altitude of about 9,500 feet, since we are in higher terrain. As before, you'll have a powered down aircraft. Start it up, using the previous post and startup guide as reference. Since we're so close to the airport, we will set up our approach immediately. Bring up the GPS and set up the map (TERR, 2x CLR, range of 50nm). Go to PROC, verify Select Approach by pushing ENT, and select an ILS 23 VECTORS approach. Set the autopilot altitude to 9,500, and autopilot heading to 350. Remember not to engage the altitude hold, heading hold, or autopilot until airborne. Take off and once you're clear of the runway, turn on HDG, ALT, and AP on the autopilot. At high altitudes, air becomes thinner. The propeller needs air to push the aircraft forward. Although altitudes at or near 9,500 feet are no issue for the modern airliner, this is pushing the limits of our little C172. The thinner air means the propeller has to work harder to generate thrust. This means our ascent will be very, very slow. Once you've (finally) reached 9,500 feet, the plane will level off. Leave full throttle, for now, and once you're about 45 NM away from waypoint MOCCA, make a right turn to the heading opposite of the runway heading, in this case we can assume 230 degrees. Subtract 180 to get a heading of 50 degrees. Be sure to take in the views of the mountains we just flew over. Now, let's get to the point of this tutorial. As we discussed, the climb was agonizingly slow, with the airspeed meter dipping below 60 KIAS. Cruise speed won't exceed 80 KIAS. Now we're going to learn about something that you will wish you'd have known during the climb. First, take a look at the tachometer, right below the VSI. We've got full throttle on, and the tachometer is barely in the green. The engine is straining, and our airspeed is barely at 80 KIAS. What gives? The problem is fuel mixture. As with any combustion engine, an aircraft propeller engine requires the proper balance of air and fuel to ignite. Remember what we discussed earlier - that air is thinner at higher altitudes. Therefore, you need to reduce the amount of fuel being ignited in the engine as well to maintain that ratio. This is called leaning the fuel mixture, and is generally done above 3,000 feet. In fact, our previous flight to Teterboro would likely have benefited from a properly leaned fuel mixture as well. How do we lean the fuel mixture? Pull out that red lever next to the throttle - the one we said to keep at 100% during takeoff. Begin slowly pulling the knob out. You'll immediately notice the engine turning faster and speeds increasing. Keep pulling it out until you start noticing a deceleration and the engine sounding rough. When this happens, slowly push it back in again until the engine is smooth again and your RPM climbs and then stops. Try decreasing throttle and then re-adjusting the fuel mixture to maintain engine power. After some practice, you'll begin to get a "feel" for things. There are other methods that involve using other gauges that can be more effective, but especially since we're at such a high altitude, full throttle and a relatively lean mixture will work well for this flight. A higher mixture setting is said to be more "rich", while a lower setting is said to be "lean". Watch your GPS. When you get to within about 15 NM, the airport will be visible from your left window. Now is the time to begin preparing for descent and landing at runway 23. To start, look up the ILS frequency. Push NRST, scroll to KTRI, and push ENT. Go to the third page and get the frequency for ILS 23. If you need a recap on how to do all of this, refer to the previous post. Push FPL twice to get back to the map. Enter the frequency into the NAV 1 radio. Switch to the frequency and turn on audio for NAV 1. When you hear the morse code, you can turn audio off again. All of this is referenced in the ILS landing tutorial as well. Get the airport elevation, in this case, 1519 feet, and set it to something roughly 3,500 feet higher than that. Since there are hills in front of the runway you will want to have a good clearance above them. 5,000 feet will work nicely. Set the autopilot altitude to 5,000 feet, and vertical speed to -1000. Maintain about 100 KIAS during the descent. It's important to note that as we decrease our altitude, the air will become thicker again, which means you will need to adjust the fuel mixture accordingly. Push the knob back in until the engine begins straining, and then pull it back out slightly. Continue repeating this as you continue your descent. As you begin your final approach, set fuel mixture to full rich or 100%. Zoom in on the GPS to get a clear view of where we're at. We're going to continue on our heading of 50 degrees until we're down to 4,000 feet safe and sound, and then make a U-turn to MOCCA, and then begin our final approach. When you're about 7 or 8 NM away from MOCCA, turn directly left by subtracting 90 degrees. Since we can't turn to a heading of negative 40 degrees, you will subtract the 40 from 360, which gives us 320. Once you've made the turn, look out your left window and you should see the airport. Go ahead and turn off the heading hold switch and turn on the approach hold switch. As soon as you're established on the localizer, the plane will make a sharp left turn toward the runway. Once you catch the glide slope, the altitude hold switch will turn itself off and the plane will begin descending at the correct rate while maintaining the localizer. At this point, make sure your fuel mixture is at full rich and begin slowing to 70 KIAS. If you remember the first landing tutorial, we discussed a nifty device called the PAPI. Now is our first time seeing it in action. If we were flying a visual approach, the three red and one white would indicate that we are slightly below the glide slope and would need to slightly decrease our rate of descent. Since we're flying along the ILS glide slope, there is no need for concern as it will balance itself out. As you near the runway, set full flaps (30 degrees, press F7 three times). Disengage the autopilot, and use the throttle to maintain about 60 knots. Remember to flare as you cross the runway threshold. Congrats on another successful landing!
  41. 2 points
    7499275

    The Great (not so great) City of Charleston

    Chapter 6: Massive expansion means Massive Traffic So now that the bridge across the river has been built we are gonna begin expanding the town across the river. Instead of relocating the utilties they are gonna stay there untill more land further downstream has become avaliable. Now that we have even more expansion the traffic in this city is becoming even more of a nightmare to try and manage. However it does look really good in my opinion
  42. 2 points
    7499275

    The Great (not so great) City of Charleston

    Chapter 4: Bring on the high rises So now that we have the two major highways connected and allowing a flow of people from both the East and North and South, the demand for all has shot up considerably. You may be asking yourself, "Where does the board plan to zone for all these new business and residents?" Excellent question! Earlier we prepaired for zoning along the river banks for a day just like today! Relocating the pumps and windmills along wit the sewage pumps to the other side of the river and constructing a quay. The bridge will allow for further expansion onto the other side later on which will again require relocating of the utilities. Now after having more pissed off sims sitting in long traffic jams, we've managed to make some sollutions (thank you Josh for the mod recommendation and what not) However it does still need some fine tuning to ease the traffic a little bit better. Maybe more wrap arounds to get people from point A to point B without going through downtown. And I will just leave this here as a final pic for y'all
  43. 2 points
    pupper_donut

    Flight Simulator X - Tutorial Series

    @bben lol no worries, thanks for the compliment! @Ceafus 88 I read that comparison a while back when learning about this stuff and thought I'd reuse it. Part 2: Three Axes + Control Surfaces Throughout the course of this series so far, you've heard "roll", "pitch" and "yaw" several times. You've also heard about flaps, ailerons, rudders, elevators, and stabilizers. Now, we will attempt to clarify what all of this means. The three axes, as you might imagine, are visually similar to a 3D coordinate system. In this case, instead of X, Y, and Z, the axes are referred to as roll, pitch, and yaw, respectively. Rolling is the movement of an aircraft along it's roll axis, which runs parallel to the aircraft going straight through the center of the fuselage. When we say a plane is "banking" to the left, the plane is moving to the left along its roll axis. This is where the term "barrel roll" is derived from, when a plane completes a full rotation along both the roll and pitch axes at the same time, causing the plane to follow a helical path. The roll axis is also known as the longitudinal axis, the pitch axis is known as the lateral axis, and the yaw axis is known as the vertical axis. Flight control surfaces control an aircraft's attitude. The attitude is defined as the aircraft's orientation about its center of mass. The aircraft's pitch is controlled by the elevator. Roll is controlled by the ailerons, and yaw is controlled by the rudder. The elevator usually has smaller control surfaces on both sides known as trim tabs. As you know from using elevator trim, trim tabs are used to maintain a stable desired attitude without the need to apply continuous force on the flight yoke. Trim tabs can also be found on the rudder and ailerons of a larger aircraft, but are uncommon on lightweight aircraft such as our C172. As demonstrated in the above .gif, the ailerons decrease lift under one wing while increasing lift under the other. The asymmetrical lift causes the plane to bank toward the side with the decreased lift. In a left turn, the left aileron is pointed up, and the right aileron is pointed down. To create an upward angle of attack, the elevator points upward to decrease lift under the stabilizer. The asymmetrical lift causes the nose to point up. Likewise, to create a downward angle of attack, the elevators point downward to increase lift under the stabilizer, causing the nose to point down. The rudder deflects oncoming airflow, by increasing pressure on one side and decreasing pressure on the other. The plane then turns in the direction of the decreased pressure. This is identical to the rudder on a boat. Flight control surfaces also include flaps, slats, and spoilers. Flaps are intended to increase lift at lower speeds, allowing the aircraft to remain airborne at low air speeds. Flaps are critical for use during takeoffs and landings in large aircraft, such as the Boeing 737-800 shown below. Slats serve the same purpose as flaps, but are positioned on the leading edge (front side) of the wing instead of the trailing edge (back side). Spoilers are retractable plates on the top of the wing that significantly decrease ("spoil") airflow across the wings, greatly reducing lift behind the spoilers. A Boeing 737-800 with completely retracted flaps and spoilers. The same aircraft, with fully extended flaps and spoilers.
  44. 2 points
    pierreh

    The United Cities of Talaran

    Thanks for your encouraging words! I didn't specifically plan to have such an amount of rail traffic in my cluster of cities, but I think that this is a result of my encouraging too much usage of public transit in the various cities, by providing a generous amount of bus, tram and subway connections, linked of course with the railway stations. Well, I am 'stuck', in a way, with that situation, and now I have to make the best of it and develop solutions to keep things moving. It is, needless to say, just the type of challenge that I wished to have to deal with when embarking on this cluster project. Returning to the rail triangle I was showing in my previous post: in order to get more information about the volumes on the various branches of dual tracks, I took measurements and summarized them in the following drawing: The city in which the rail triangle is located, is Deramey. The numbers are supplied by the volume query. As can be seen, the tracks on the right of the drawing connect with the neighbor city of Arcens; those at the bottom of the drawing connect with Cherenne. On the top of the drawing, the right pair of tracks lead to Deramey's main station (and further, to another local station in Deramey), The left pair of tracks branches, on the right to the main station, on the left to other local stations in Deramey. All track pairs show heavy usage. The exception is the 'little corner', the pair of tracks linking the left vertical tracks to the bottom horizontal tracks, where the volume is only 18970. The two dual tracks going to Arcens have a total volume of 52799 + 18970 + 50543 = 122312; this is still less than 2 times 65535, but the loads are not balanced between the two pairs of tracks. There is still some capacity on the left tracks going to Cherenne. As an immediate measure, the link shown as a dotted red line should be added, to help balancing the load between the dual tracks to Arcens, and make use of the reserve capacity on the left track to Cherenne. In order to keep with the current practices in RL, this cannot be implemented at surface level, because of the conflicts at the intersection of tracks. A flyover solution needs to be put in place. Due to the relatively cramped conditions of the area, this will be difficult to realize. The city authorities have already declared that tearing down the Congress Center and rebuilding it elsewhere is out of the question. The project is being tendered with the hope that several engineering firms will respond with solutions acceptable both financially and urbanistically.
  45. 2 points
    pierreh

    The United Cities of Talaran

    Brian, thanks for your advice, which allowed me to resolve that issue. I use the Ultra setting, so I searched for a file called NetworkAddonMod_Volume_Data_View_Z_Ultra.dat - and didn't find it in the main NAM folder! In fact, there was no Volume Data View file at all there, which explains why my volume view reverted to the old Maxis volume view, by default. It turns out that the file (which was of course present in my old NAM environment, prior to the upgrade) gets removed from the NAM folder during the Cleanitol phase of the upgrade. Why that file is being removed, I don't know. Maybe it is meant to be replaced by a 'newer' file (which would be the exact same file since the Traffic Simulator is stable since many years....), and that replacement isn't done. I moved back the file to the main NAM folder, and I get again the proper color scheme in the volume views.
  46. 2 points
    pupper_donut

    Flight Simulator X - Tutorial Series

    Part 6: Autopilot Heading and Altitude An autopilot controls the trajectory of an aircraft, allowing the pilot(s) to focus on other aspects of flight, e.g. controlling aircraft systems, monitoring weather, communications, etc. Commercial aircraft are not the only planes equipped with an autopilot. Even our Cessna 172 has an autopilot, and we will learn the basics of how to use it. Click Load on the main screen and load up your first flight save. Once in the cockpit, look toward the right of the instrument panel, and you will see several digital panels. For now, we want the one shown in the red box: For this, it may be helpful to use the 2D Cockpit by pressing the F10 key. The display has two lines: Altitude and Vertical Speed. As you likely guessed they control your altitude and vertical speed respectively. First, we need to tell the autopilot that we want it to control our altitude. Unless we want the plane to try to descend to altitude 0, we first need to enter a value for the altitude hold switch. We do this using the UP and DN buttons on the right side. Click and hold on one of the buttons to increase/decrease the value. Set a figure higher than our current altitude, such as 2,500. Once done, press the ALT button. If the autopilot engage switch (AP) doesn't automatically turn on, press that button as well. The vertical speed is automatically entered at 700 feet per minute, which will be a sufficient climb rate. As the aircraft begins climbing, it will be important to apply extra throttle in order to maintain speed, as higher angles of attack mean slower air speeds. Increase the throttle to about 90% until the aircraft climbs to the desired altitude, then return it to the previous setting in order to level off. Leave the altitude hold switch engaged. The autopilot will automatically control elevator trim in order to maintain level flight, regardless of air speed. Now try descending back to 2,000 feet. Press and hold the DN button until the altitude is set at 2,000. Reduce throttle slightly to keep your speed down, and the plane will descend back to 2,000 feet on its own. Should you want to increase or decrease the vertical speed, click on the left or right side of the vertical speed value on the panel. In the real aircraft, there is a small knob above the engage switch that switches between altitude and vertical speed, controlling which one the UP and DN buttons change. We can also use the autopilot to control our heading. For this, we need to go back to the heading indicator, and looking for the heading adjust knob. The heading indicator has a small indicator that shows the current setting of the adjustment knob, this is called the heading bug. Click on the left or right side of the adjust knob to set the heading bug to direct south (180 degrees). When you're ready, push the HDG button on the autopilot panel, the one next to the engage switch on the right. The plane will begin flying a standard rate turn toward the desired heading, and will maintain that heading once it has been established. It is very important to note that with both the heading and altitude hold switches turned on and the autopilot engaged, the flight yoke will become inoperable. Try applying aileron on either side (banking) and the plane does not turn. Try applying or reducing elevator and the plane will briefly climb or descend, but will quickly climb back to the set altitude. Should you wish to resume manual flight, press the AP button again, or press Z on the keyboard. An alarm will briefly sound to let you know the autopilot is turned off and the aircraft is now being manually controlled. This will prove useful if you accidentally disable the autopilot or it turns off due to a system failure. After turning off the autopilot, as long as your throttle is set correctly, the aircraft should continue along the same trajectory until you use the flight yoke or apply/decrease throttle.
  47. 2 points
    pierreh

    The United Cities of Talaran

    Success at last! I spent some time trying out this and that, asking - and getting - help, finding out that the NAM version I had in my game was not up to par, and upgrading my NAM to version 35 without difficulty, Then, installing a flex E2 ramp and upgrading to RHW-8S turned out to be extremely easy. My 6-lanes to 8-lanes upgrade being now completed, here is the 90 degrees curve after upgrading. Some commercial buildings nearby had to be destroyed, and what was rebuilt after the upgrade is still a bit underdeveloped, but I have no doubt that there will be further upgrading in that area later. The technique used to create the RHW-8S 90 degrees curve is described in this video created by Robin. One minor issue resulting from the NAM 35 upgrade is that, when loading the city, I now get a message about 2 extension packs missing. I'll have to chase that eventually.. I can now continue to develop my cities, and I am current with NAM.
  48. 2 points
    pupper_donut

    Pupper Realms: Map Renders

    It's me, TC, darv, ceafus, and now marsh.
  49. 2 points
    g

    :(

  50. 2 points
    pupper_donut

    god_donut's CS

    The highway in the last shot is getting quite overcrowded.. I'm thinking of adding a rail line in the center of the highway as well as one additional highway lane each direction to mitigate this as traffic is bumper-to-bumper where this highway meets the cable stayed bridge as well as at the interchange for the highway leading to the airport. If I go through with this plan I'll post schematics and construction shots.